In the comments I received a wish to compare RPVST+ with MST. RPVST+ is Ciscos proprietary STP running one instance per VLAN over 802.1Q trunks. MST is an industry standard which can run multiple instances but not one per VLAN.
Someone asked the other day how fast STP converges depending on PVST+ or RPVST+ or MST is running. Usually the answer for PVST+ is 30-50 seconds and for RPVST+ it’s fast, maybe less than a second. I thought I would